Commercial Printing Terms (a learning page)

  • Acetate: clear plastic sheet used as a source for artwork and overlays.
  • Bleeds: since printers cannot print right to the edge of a paper sheet. To create that effect, the printer must use a sheet, which is larger than the document size. Then the printer prints beyond the edge of the document size (usually 1/8"), then cuts the paper down to the document size.
  • Bond: kind of paper used for writing and printing.
  • Bronzing: process used in printing to have metallic effect with help of special ink and metallic powder.
  • C1S: one side of paper coat will be made.
  • C2S: similar to C1S, but paper coat will be made on both the sides.
  • Debossing: image is depressed into a material (such as paper, leather or suede) so the image sits below the product surface.
  • Die: steel designed stamp used to print inked images.
  • Enamel: enamel refers to paper's glossy coating.
  • Flexography: paper moves under the printing plate (flexible rubber plate), and is pressed against printing plate by another roller, and ink is transferred onto the paper. A separate plate is needed for each individual color.
  • Foil Stamping: process which enables a metallic design to be pressed into the paper product, similar to debossing.
  • French Fold: one side of printed paper is folded in two right angles to figure out into four page uncut section.
  • Glossy: using glossy sheet of paper, high gloss photographic print will be made.
  • Halftone Paper: halftone paper is paper ideal for halftone printing and also it comes up with high finish.
  • Lithography: printing process which uses smooth surface to make out printed copy.
  • Offset Printing: inked image is transferred from printing plate to roller, so that the roller applied ink into paper for printing process.
  • Overprinting: over printing is made on the text or images which has already been printed.
  • Overlay Proof: thin sheet of paper used to produce overlay color proof, so that it covers printed image.
  • Page Proof: in a printing process, the printed paper is used as a final proof to correct the mistakes in the publishing.
  • Registration: process of lining up the screen image to the original art and/or separations on a printing press and/or exposure unit.
  • Registration Mark: “Cross hair” target marks used for aligning a screen image to the source art.
  • Transparency: type of positive photographic image appears in full color, which allows the light to pass through the film.
  • Varnishing: process where thin polish will be applied over printed sheet to come up with shiny finish.
  • Vellum: special sheet of paper which comes up with a superior quality (used for writing and printing).
  • Watermark: impression or design printed on piece of paper to identify the name of paper.
  • Laissez les bon temps rouler! (pronounced lay-zay lay bon ton rule-ay)